The History of Easter Eggs and the Rise of Chocolate

As spring approaches, the world prepares for Easter, a time of renewal, celebration and traditions. Among these traditions are Easter eggs, a symbol of rebirth and fertility dating back centuries. While the roots of Easter eggs are ancient and diverse, the evolution of chocolate Easter eggs as a holiday staple is an interesting tale, blending history, culture and globalisation. 

Ancient Origins

Easter eggs originated in ancient civilisations such as the Persians, Egyptians and Romans, who celebrated the start of spring and spring festivals honouring fertility and new life. Eggs symbolise fertility and new beginnings and were often exchanged and used in rituals during these festivities. 

With the spread of Christianity, pagan traditions gradually merged with Christian celebrations. Easter, commemorating the resurrection of Jesus Christ, became intertwined with existing springtime customs. Eggs, once symbols of fertility, took on new significance as representations of the tomb from which Christ emerged.

In Eastern European cultures, particularly in Ukraine, intricate designs known as pysanky adorned eggs, symbolise protection, prosperity, and spiritual strength. These beautifully decorated eggs were exchanged as gifts and displayed prominently during Easter celebrations, showcasing the fusion of artistry and symbolism. 

During Medieval times, the church prohibited the consumption of eggs during Lent, making them a delicacy come Easter Sunday. To preserve eggs for later consumption, they were boiled and kept in their shells, which were then decorated to extend their shelf life. This practice laid the groundwork for the tradition of Easter egg decoration, which persists to this day. 

For many years, people gifted their friends and family during the spring equinox and Easter week. By the Victorian era, the egg-shaped presents had been transformed into hollow cardboard ovals of varied sizes and different ornaments filled with Easter goodies and tasty chocolates. The most luxurious examples of this practice were the Fabergé eggs gifted to Russia’s Czar Czarina, which are now worth millions of pounds. 

The Rise of Chocolate

Although not a custom worldwide, the tradition of giving chocolate eggs at Easter emerged in the 19th century, coinciding with the evolution of chocolate production and confectionery techniques. Chocolate, once a luxury reserved for the wealthy, became more accessible to the masses, thanks to innovations such as solid chocolate moulding and mass production. 

One of the main pioneers of the hollow chocolate Easter eggs we now know and love was the British confectionary company, Cadbury, known then as JS Fry & Sons. To keep up with the increasing demand, they created a special industrialised machine to produce their eggs. By 1875, Cadbury introduced the first commercially produced chocolate Easter eggs, filled with sugared almonds coated in dark chocolate. These delectable treats quickly gained popularity, symbolising indulgence and festivity during Easter and becoming the most popular Easter treat in the United Kingdom. 

The marketing prowess behind Cadbury played a significant role in cementing chocolate eggs as an Easter tradition. Through clever and enticing advertisements featuring iconic characters like the Cadbury Bunny, the company successfully associated chocolate eggs with joy, celebration, and family gatherings, ensuring their place in Easter lore.

After its first introduction, the tradition of chocolate Easter eggs spread across the globe, adapting to local tastes and customs. In Belgium, renowned for its fine chocolates, artisanal chocolatiers craft exquisite Easter eggs using premium ingredients and traditional techniques. In the United States, chocolate eggs are often filled with treats like caramel, nougat, or peanut butter, catering to diverse palates. 

In this digital age, chocolate companies continue to innovate, offering an array of Easter egg varieties to suit every preference. The options are endless, from miniature eggs to giant hollow eggs, from milk chocolate to dark chocolate. Some brands even incorporate surprises like toys or puzzles within their eggs, adding excitement!

While chocolate eggs may have eclipsed their traditional counterparts in popularity, the symbolism of Easter eggs remains unchanged. They serve as reminders of new life, hope and the triumph of light over darkness. Whether crafted from chocolate or adorned with intricate designs, Easter eggs continue to symbolise the joy and renewal of the season. 

Today, chocolate eggs are still a fundamental part of Easter celebrations for many British people. Every year, almost 80 million Easter eggs are sold in the UK. Chocolate Easter egg-themed everything increased in popularity, with our bakery getting inspired by it as well, with our limited edition Easter brownie box, made with the most delicious Easter chocolates!

The history of Easter eggs is a tapestry of ancient customs, religious symbolism, and culinary innovation. From their humble origins as symbols of fertility to their transformation into chocolate confections enjoyed by many kids and adults worldwide! As we exchange these sweet treats and gather with our loved ones, let us remember the rich traditions that have shaped this holiday.


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